Members of Lincoln's Cabinet

Edward Bates
Attorney General 1861-1864

Bates A St. Louis lawyer for forty-three years, Bates was the oldest member of Lincoln's Cabinet. He also served his home state of Missouri as state's attorney, as a state representative and in the Missouri Senate, as a U.S. district attorney, and also he served one term in the United States Congress. He presided over the Whig national convention in 1856 and was a leading candidate for the Republican nomination in 1860.

Montgomery Blair
Postmaster General 1861-1864

Blair A graduate of West Point, Blair practiced law in St. Louis and was its mayor in 1842-1843, then a judge until 1849. Moving to Maryland in 1852, he became a US Solicitor in the Court of Claims. He is best known for his representation in the Supreme Court of Dred Scott. As postmaster he introduced money orders, free city delivery and mail sorting on postal cars.

Salmon P. Chase
Secretary of the Treasury 1861-1864

ChaseSalmon Portland Chase born in 1808 of Cornish, New Hampshire, became well known in Cincinnati, Ohio as the " attorney general of fugitive slaves' for his efforts on that behalf of many slaves who sought freedom in the free state of Ohio. Elected to the United States Senate in 1849, he was an outspoken opponent of slavery extension. Chase served Ohio as its governor for two terms. December 1864, President Lincoln appointed him Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, where he served until his death in New York in May of 1873.

William H. Seward
Secretary of State 1861-1869

Seward Beginning the practice of law in 1823 in Auburn, New York, Seward was also a member of the state senate in 1830-1834, the governor of New York 1838-1842, served in the United States Senate 1849-1861, as a Whig and then a Republican. He was a leading candidate for the Republican nomination for president at the Chicago convention in 1860..

Caleb B. Smith
Secretary of the Interior 1861-1862

SmithEditor of a small-town newspaper in Indiana, Smith was elected to the state legislature for several terms before going to the U.S. Congress in 1843. Influential in Lincoln's nomination in 1860, he became Secretary of the Interior in 1861, resigning in 1862 to become U.S. district judge in Indiana.

Edwin M Stanton
Secretary of War 1862-1862

StantonStanton, a well-known attorney in Ohio, known for using the temporary insanity plea for the first time in legal history, for his client Daniel Sickles in a murder case, served a short in the lame duck administration of President Buchanan's cabinet as attorney general. He replaced Simon Cameron in 1862 as Lincoln's Secretary of War. Stanton's integrity, judgment and force won him admiration and criticism. President Andrew Johnson's efforts to remove Stanton brought Johnson's impeachment. Appointed by U.S. Grant as an associate justice to U.S. Supreme Court in 1869, Stanton died four days after his appointment.

Gideon Welles
Secretary of the Navy 1861-1869

WellesA dominant power in the Democratic party in Connecticut, Gideon Welles was the editor of the Hartford Times and a member of the state legislature)1827-1835). He was state comptroller and postmaster of Hartford, 1835-1842. Welles was a delegate to the Republican national conventional in Chicago in 1860.